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That's what happened earlier this month when the forecasts were posted a week (one-quarter of the month!) late—an eternity to those who plan life by celestial movements. Readers began commenting on Facebook—at first inquiring when the forecasts would arrive, then requesting someone from Miller’s camp post an update. Soon, the animosity grew to a fever pitch. Supporters—the Millaniacs to keep things straight—pleaded for patience as Miller was still recovering from an illness. Her detractors, the Susanistas, pointed out that the forecasts were consistently late, that she recently “attended a party in Los Angeles and looked fabulous,” and the late posts were a business ploy to drive traffic to her website, which boasts 6.5 million unique monthly readers and 20 million page views.July 1 became July 2, still no postings.
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Late on July 3, readers began to understand that with the impending holiday weekend, it would be Monday at the earliest, July 7, before they knew what the month ahead held. The reports had been posted late in prior months—, and, according to Twitter—but this meant they would have to wait all weekend. That was when several readers took measures into their own hands. They banded together to start the (now private), with the purpose of creating “a place where people who once relied on Susan Miller's work but are frustrated with her lack of professionalism can talk and find reliable astrology resources,” according to a group spokesperson. For the true believers, the commentary battles have become impassioned. For the casual browser, leafing through the angry, often spiteful debate is pure digital schadenfreude.
And for Miller, a tenacious writer who has parlayed her knowledge of the stars into a lucrative business, the backlash is an unavoidable result of an industry in which so many put their providence in the hands of one woman.“My mission is to help my readers,” Miller told me. “There are things more important than money in the world, and the people suffering the most cannot afford to pay to enter a site, which is why I do not charge.”Taken just from an output perspective (and a writer’s point of view), the demands of Miller’s business may make her one of the most prolific scribes alive.
According to Miller, each of the free monthly forecasts averages 3,500 words, totalling some 42,000-48,000 thousand words across all signs, which she starts and finishes the last 10 days of each month. That equates to roughly 430,000 words per year.
That’s only the free horoscopes; the word count does not reflect all the paid forecasts she provides for a slew of magazines. “I am getting my information from NASA, doing math and geometry, and I know how to interpret the results. It is not that I make up my forecasts, so I never have writer’s block,” Miller explains. “Readers don’t understand that my IT team doesn’t work just for me. They have their own business and service many clients. I finished close to on time, but it was the Fourth of July weekend and my team was off with their families.”.For many, horoscopes are viewed as balm for the disillusioned not willing to pony up for a therapist.
For devoted followers, they are sage advice to guide careers, relationships and navigate personal tragedy. This is information people rely on, which they must have on the first of every month. According to Tali Edut, an astrologer and one-half of the AstroTwins, she publishes the horoscopes a few days before the first of the month as her readers also get upset if she's late. Suburbia lyrics.
“People who are into astrology like to ‘plan it by the planets,’” Edut says. “They want to know in advance what cosmic trends are ahead so that they can make the most out of opportunity periods and avoid potential roadblocks.”Whether the advice is free or not, the members of ABSM claim they can no longer tolerate the way Miller runs her organization.“What people fail to understand is that Susan Miller and Astrology Zone are a business,” emailed a spokesperson for the group. “People act as if Susan is giving her followers a ‘gift’ when in reality this is her job.
She is able to charge good-sized advertising fees because of her large following and get people to pay for her App because her forecasts have historically been great.”It’s that greatness that makes Astrology Zone's business work. Miller has developed intellectual property—the appearance of being able to calculate charts and positions of stars, and explain it all in a voice and artistry that even detractors admit is unique in the horoscope world.
Readers stick around—even the ones currently claiming mutiny—for many reasons, but most important to the business: Miller is likeable. Her loquacious nature seeps into conversation, as it does her monthly forecasts. Even for those lukewarm to astrology, her charisma toward the topic behaves like a riptide, pulling one against common sense. “What time of day were you born?” she asks several times during our interview. “Call your mother and ask her.”While lateness is regrettable for any business, the same readers critiquing the tardiness were commenting on the Facebook page the day after the horoscopes posted.
It’s safe to say many read their July forecast. The ABSM spokesperson claimed she would not read going forward, but admitted to perusing July anyway. Two other members of the group also emailed that they read July in spite of their secession.“My traffic never goes down,” Miller says. She’s not gloating, just explaining how the business expands each month. “It keeps going up.”. Another post: “I stopped following her on Twitter.
I simply couldn't take the constant barrage of ‘poor me’ tweets about how hard she works despite being permanently on her deathbed.”Miller’s head of customer support, Edward Rubinstein, confirmed that she’s been ill since April, as did Miller. She admits she reads much of the commentary on social media. While most are supporters, she says recent remarks by her detractors went too far.“Some columnists don’t care when their readers say mean things about them on Twitter and Facebook, but I do care.
I read what every reader has to say, and I think about the comments later. I don’t have a thick skin,” Miller says. “One reader said, ‘I don’t believe you’re sick. Until you #DropDead I won’t believe a word you say.’ I know they’re angry at me because they don’t have the information they need to plan the month ahead.”It’s better than reality television, this astrology culture, a sitcom in the making. On any day one group is seceding from the Zone.
Another claims Susan is faking illness to allot for late forecasts. Another that Susan is immortal. Another discreetly censoring the insurgents. Another spinning conspiracy theories not worthy of print. And everyone is spending far too much time discussing horoscopes during the workday.We want to hear what you think about this article. To the editor or write to firstname.lastname@example.org.
.Astrology is a that claims to information about human affairs and terrestrial events by studying the movements and relative positions of. Astrology has been dated to at least the 2nd millennium BCE, and has its roots in systems used to predict seasonal shifts and to interpret celestial cycles as signs of divine communications. Many cultures have attached importance to, and some—such as the, and the —developed elaborate systems for predicting terrestrial events from celestial observations., one of the oldest astrological systems still in use, can trace its roots to 19th–17th century, from where it spread to, the and eventually. Contemporary Western astrology is often associated with systems of that purport to explain aspects of a person's and predict significant events in their lives based on the positions of celestial objects; the majority of astrologers rely on such systems.: 83Throughout most of its history, astrology was considered a scholarly tradition and was common in academic circles, often in close relation with, and medicine. It was present in political circles and is mentioned in various works of literature, from and to, and.Following the end of the 19th century and the wide-scale adoption of the, researchers have successfully challenged astrology on both: 249; and grounds, and have shown it to have no scientific validity.
Astrology thus lost its academic and theoretical standing, and common belief in it has largely declined. While polls have demonstrated that approximately one quarter of American, British, and Canadian people say they continue to believe that star- and planet-positions affect their, astrology is now recognized as a— a belief which its advocates incorrectly present as scientific. See also:Astrology, in its broadest sense, is the search for meaning in the sky.: 2,3 Early evidence for humans making conscious attempts to measure, record, and predict seasonal changes by reference to astronomical cycles, appears as markings on bones and cave walls, which show that were being noted as early as 25,000 years ago.: 81ff This was a first step towards recording the Moon's influence upon tides and rivers, and towards organising a communal calendar. Farmers addressed agricultural needs with increasing knowledge of the that appear in the different seasons—and used the rising of particular star-groups to herald annual floods or seasonal activities. By the 3rd millennium BCE, civilisations had sophisticated awareness of celestial cycles, and may have oriented temples in alignment with of the stars.Scattered evidence suggests that the oldest known astrological references are copies of texts made in the ancient world.
The is thought to be compiled in around 1700 BCE. A scroll documenting an early use of is doubtfully ascribed to the reign of the ruler (c. 2144 – 2124 BCE). This describes how the gods revealed to him in a dream the constellations that would be most favourable for the planned construction of a temple. However, there is controversy about whether these were genuinely recorded at the time or merely ascribed to ancient rulers by posterity.
The oldest undisputed evidence of the use of astrology as an integrated system of knowledge is therefore attributed to the records of the first dynasty of (1950–1651 BCE). This astrology had some parallels with Greek (western) astrology, including the, a norming point near 9 degrees in Aries, the trine aspect, planetary exaltations, and the dodekatemoria (the twelve divisions of 30 degrees each). The Babylonians viewed celestial events as possible signs rather than as causes of physical events.The system of was elaborated during the (1046–256 BCE) and flourished during the (2nd century BCE to 2nd century CE), during which all the familiar elements of traditional Chinese culture – the Yin-Yang philosophy, theory of the five elements, Heaven and Earth, Confucian morality – were brought together to formalise the philosophical principles of Chinese medicine and divination, astrology and alchemy.: 3,4 Ancient objections.
The Roman orator objected to astrologystated the twins objection (that with close birth times, personal outcomes can be very different), later developed. He argued that since the other planets are much more distant from the earth than the moon, they could have only very tiny influence compared to the moon's. He also argued that if astrology explains everything about a person's fate, then it wrongly ignores the visible effect of inherited ability and parenting, changes in health worked by medicine, or the effects of the weather on people.argued that since the fixed stars are much more distant than the planets, it is laughable to imagine the planets' effect on human affairs should depend on their position with respect to the zodiac.
1484 copy of first page of Tetrabiblos, translated into Latin byIn 525 BCE, was conquered by the Persians. The 1st century BCE Egyptian shares two signs – the Balance and the Scorpion – with Mesopotamian astrology.With the occupation by in 332 BCE, Egypt became.
The city of was founded by Alexander after the conquest, becoming the place where was mixed with Egyptian to create. This contained the Babylonian zodiac with its system of planetary, the triplicities of the signs and the importance of eclipses.
It used the Egyptian concept of dividing the zodiac into thirty-six decans of ten degrees each, with an emphasis on the rising decan, and the Greek system of planetary Gods, sign rulership. 2nd century BCE texts predict positions of planets in zodiac signs at the time of the rising of certain decans, particularly Sothis. The and astronomer lived in Alexandria. Ptolemy's work the formed the basis of Western astrology, and, '.enjoyed almost the authority of a Bible among the astrological writers of a thousand years or more.' Greece and RomeThe conquest of by exposed the Greeks to ideas from, Babylon, Persia and central Asia. Around 280 BCE, a priest of from Babylon, moved to the Greek island of, teaching astrology and Babylonian culture. By the 1st century BCE, there were two varieties of astrology, one using to describe the past, present and future; the other, emphasising the ascent to the stars.
Greek influence played a crucial role in the transmission of astrological theory to.The first definite reference to astrology in Rome comes from the orator, who in 160 BCE warned farm overseers against consulting with Chaldeans, who were described as Babylonian 'star-gazers'. Among both Greeks and, Babylonia (also known as ) became so identified with astrology that 'Chaldean wisdom' became with using planets and stars. The 2nd-century Roman poet and satirist complains about the pervasive influence of Chaldeans, saying, 'Still more trusted are the Chaldaeans; every word uttered by the astrologer they will believe has come from fountain.'
One of the first astrologers to bring astrology to Rome was, astrologer to the, the first emperor to have had a court astrologer, though his predecessor had used astrology to help legitimise his rights. Medieval world Hindu. Translation of De Magnis Coniunctionibus ('Of the great '), 1515Astrology was taken up by Islamic scholars following the collapse of to the Arabs in the 7th century, and the founding of the in the 8th. The second Abbasid, (754–775) founded the city of to act as a centre of learning, and included in its design a library-translation centre known as Bayt al-Hikma 'House of Wisdom', which continued to receive development from his heirs and was to provide a major impetus for Arabic-Persian translations of Hellenistic astrological texts.
The early translators included, who helped to elect the time for the foundation of Baghdad, and, ( a.k.a. Zael), whose texts were directly influential upon later European astrologers such as in the 13th century, and in the 17th century. Knowledge of Arabic texts started to become imported into Europe during the.Europe. See also:The first astrological book published in Europe was the Liber Planetis et Mundi Climatibus ('Book of the Planets and Regions of the World'), which appeared between 1010 and 1027 AD, and may have been authored. Second century AD was translated into Latin by in 1138. The theologian followed in proposing that the stars ruled the imperfect 'sublunary' body, while attempting to reconcile astrology with Christianity by stating that God ruled the soul. The thirteenth century mathematician is said to have devised a system of astrological houses that divides the into 'houses' of equal 30° arcs, though the system was used earlier in the East.
The thirteenth century wrote a textbook, the Liber Astronomicus, a copy of which King owned at the end of the fifteenth century.In, the final part of the, the Italian poet referred 'in countless details' to the astrological planets, though he adapted traditional astrology to suit his Christian viewpoint, for example using astrological thinking in his prophecies of the reform of Christendom. Medieval objections. The medieval theologian criticised the predictive part of astrologyIn the seventh century, argued in his that astronomy described the movements of the heavens, while astrology had two parts: one was scientific, describing the movements of the sun, the moon and the stars, while the other, making predictions, was theologically erroneous. In contrast, in the fourteenth century defined astrology as essentially limited to the making of predictions.
The influence of the stars was in turn divided into natural astrology, with for example effects on tides and the growth of plants, and judicial astrology, with supposedly predictable effects on people. The fourteenth century sceptic however included astronomy as a part of astrology in his Livre de divinacions. Oresme argued that current approaches to prediction of events such as plagues, wars, and weather were inappropriate, but that such prediction was a valid field of inquiry. However, he attacked the use of astrology to choose the timing of actions (so-called interrogation and election) as wholly false, and rejected the determination of human action by the stars on grounds of free will. The friar Laurens Pignon (c. 1368–1449) similarly rejected all forms of divination and determinism, including by the stars, in his 1411 Contre les Devineurs.
This was in opposition to the tradition carried by the Arab astronomer (787-886) whose Introductorium in Astronomiam and De Magnis Coniunctionibus argued the view that both individual actions and larger scale history are determined by the stars.In the late 1400s, forcefully attacked astrology in Disputationes contra Astrologos, arguing that the heavens neither caused, nor heralded earthly events. His contemporary, a 'rationalistic and critical thinker' was much more sanguine about astrology and critical of Pico's attack. Renaissance and Early Modern. 'An Astrologer Casting a Horoscope' from Utriusque Cosmi Historia, 1617scholars commonly practised astrology.
Cast the horoscope of king, while was the personal astrologer to queen. Paid in 1566 to verify the prediction of the death of her husband, king made by her astrologer Lucus Gauricus. Major astronomers who practised as court astrologers included in the royal court of Denmark, to the, to the, and who was burnt at the stake for heresy in Rome in 1600. The distinction between astrology and astronomy was not entirely clear. Advances in astronomy were often motivated by the desire to improve the accuracy of astrology.with complex astrological calculations, and interpreting celestial events for use in medicine and for choosing times to plant crops, were popular in Elizabethan England. In 1597, the English and made a set of paper instruments that used revolving overlays to help students work out relationships between fixed stars or constellations, the midheaven, and the twelve.
Hood's instruments also illustrated, for pedagogical purposes, the supposed relationships between the signs of the zodiac, the planets, and the parts of the human body adherents believed were governed by the planets and signs. While Hood's presentation was innovative, his astrological information was largely standard and was taken from astrological disc made in 1551, or a source used by Mercator.English astrology had reached its zenith by the 17th century.
Astrologers were theorists, researchers, and social engineers, as well as providing individual advice to everyone from monarchs downwards. Among other things, astrologers claimed to be able to advise on the best time to take a journey or harvest a crop, diagnose and prescribe for physical or mental illnesses, and predict natural disasters. This underpinned a system in which everything – people, the world, the universe – was understood to be interconnected, and astrology co-existed happily with,. Enlightenment period and onwards. Chicago women discuss spiritualism (1906)During, intellectual sympathy for astrology fell away, leaving only a popular following supported by cheap almanacs. One English almanac compiler, Richard Saunders, followed the spirit of the age by printing a derisive Discourse on the Invalidity of Astrology, while in France Dictionnaire of 1697 stated that the subject was puerile.
The ridiculed the political astrologer.Astrology saw a popular revival starting in the 19th century, as part of a general revival of and—later, philosophy,: 239–249 and through the influence of mass media such as newspaper horoscopes.: 259–263 Early in the 20th century the psychiatrist developed some concepts concerning astrology, which led to the development of.: 251–256; Principles and practiceAdvocates have defined astrology as a symbolic language, an form, a, and a method of divination. Though most cultural astrology systems share common roots in ancient philosophies that influenced each other, many use methods that differ from those in the West. These include Hindu astrology (also known as 'Indian astrology' and in modern times referred to as 'Vedic astrology') and Chinese astrology, both of which have influenced the world's cultural history.Westernis a form of based on the construction of a for an exact moment, such as a person's birth. It uses the tropical zodiac, which is aligned to the.Western astrology is founded on the movements and relative positions of celestial bodies such as the Sun, Moon and planets, which are analysed by their movement through of the (twelve spatial divisions of the ) and by their (based on geometric angles) relative to one another. They are also considered by their placement in (twelve spatial divisions of the sky). Astrology's modern representation in western popular media is usually reduced to, which considers only the zodiac sign of the Sun at an individual's date of birth, and represents only 1/12 of the total chart.The horoscope visually expresses the set of relationships for the time and place of the chosen event.
These relationships are between the seven 'planets', signifying tendencies such as war and love; the twelve signs of the zodiac; and the twelve houses. Each planet is in a particular sign and a particular house at the chosen time, when observed from the chosen place, creating two kinds of relationship.
A third kind is the aspect of each planet to every other planet, where for example two planets 120° apart (in 'trine') are in a harmonious relationship, but two planets 90° apart ('square') are in a conflicted relationship. Together these relationships and their interpretations supposedly form '.the language of the heavens speaking to learned men.' Along with, astrology is one of the core studies of, and as such has influenced systems of belief not only among Western esotericists and, but also belief systems such as that have borrowed from or been influenced by the Western esoteric tradition. Has said that 'all magicians know something about astrology,' and refers to a in, organised by, as an example of the astrological lore studied by magicians.
Page from an Indian astrological treatise, c. 1750The earliest text on astronomy is the; Vedic thought later came to include astrology as well.Hindu natal astrology originated with Hellenistic astrology by the 3rd century BCE,: 361 though incorporating the Hindu lunar mansions. The names of the signs (e.g. Greek 'Krios' for Aries, Hindi 'Kriya'), the planets (e.g. Greek 'Helios' for Sun, astrological Hindi 'Heli'), and astrological terms (e.g. Greek 'apoklima' and 'sunaphe' for declination and planetary conjunction, Hindi 'apoklima' and 'sunapha' respectively) in Varaha Mihira's texts are considered conclusive evidence of a Greek origin for Hindu astrology. The Indian techniques may also have been augmented with some of the Babylonian techniques.: 231 Chinese and East Asian.
James: 34 EffectivenessAstrology has not demonstrated its effectiveness in and has no scientific validity.: 85; Where it has made predictions under, they have been falsified.: 424 One famous experiment included 28 astrologers who were asked to match over a hundred natal charts to psychological profiles generated by the (CPI) questionnaire. The experimental protocol used in this study was agreed upon by a group of physicists and a group of astrologers nominated by the, who advised the experimenters, helped ensure that the test was fair: 420;: 117 and helped draw the central proposition of to be tested.: 419 They also chose 26 out of the 28 astrologers for the tests (two more volunteered afterwards).: 420 The study, published in in 1985, found that predictions based on natal astrology were no better than chance, and that the testing '.clearly refutes the astrological hypothesis.'
In 1955, the astrologer and psychologist Michel Gauquelin stated that though he had failed to find evidence that supported indicators like and in astrology, he did find positive correlations between the of some and success in professions that astrology traditionally associates with those planets. The best-known of Gauquelin's findings is based on the positions of Mars in the of successful athletes and became known as the.: 213 A study conducted by seven French scientists attempted to replicate the claim, but found no statistical evidence.: 213–214 They attributed the effect to selective bias on Gauquelin's part, accusing him of attempting to persuade them to add or delete names from their study.Geoffrey Dean has suggested that the effect may be caused by self-reporting of birth dates by parents rather than any issue with the study by Gauquelin. The suggestion is that a small subset of the parents may have had changed birth times to be consistent with better astrological charts for a related profession. The number of births under astrologically undesirable conditions was also lower, indicating that parents choose dates and times to suit their beliefs. The sample group was taken from a time where belief in astrology was more common.
Gauquelin had failed to find the Mars effect in more recent populations, where a nurse or doctor recorded the birth information.: 116Dean, a scientist and former astrologer, and psychologist Ivan Kelly conducted a large scale scientific test that involved more than one hundred, and other variables—but found no support for astrology. Furthermore, a pooled 40 studies that involved 700 astrologers and over 1,000 birth charts. Ten of the tests—which involved 300 participants—had the astrologers pick the correct chart interpretation out of a number of others that were not the astrologically correct chart interpretation (usually three to five others). Uranus, performed byProblems playing these files?
See.Western politics and societyIn the West, political leaders have sometimes consulted astrologers. For example, the British intelligence agency employed as an astrologer after claims surfaced that used astrology to time his actions. The War Office was '.interested to know what Hitler's own astrologers would be telling him from week to week.'
In fact, de Wohl's predictions were so inaccurate that he was soon labelled a 'complete charlatan,' and later evidence showed that Hitler considered astrology 'complete nonsense.' After of US President, first lady commissioned astrologer to act as the secret White House astrologer. However, Quigley's role ended in 1988 when it became public through the memoirs of former chief of staff,.There was a boom in interest in astrology in the late 1960s.
The sociologist described three levels of involvement of 'Astrology-believers' to account for its revived popularity in the face of scientific discrediting. He found that most astrology-believers did not claim it was a scientific explanation with predictive power. Instead, those superficially involved, knowing 'next to nothing' about astrology's 'mechanics', read newspaper astrology columns, and could benefit from 'tension-management of anxieties' and 'a cognitive belief-system that transcends science.' Those at the second level usually had their horoscopes cast and sought advice and predictions. They were much younger than those at the first level, and could benefit from knowledge of the language of astrology and the resulting ability to belong to a coherent and exclusive group. Those at the third level were highly involved and usually cast horoscopes for themselves. Astrology provided this small minority of astrology-believers with a ' meaningful view of their universe and gave them an understanding of their place in it.'
Birth (in blue) and death (in red) rates of Japan since 1950, with the sudden drop in births during hinoeuma year (1966)In India, there is a long-established and widespread belief in astrology. It is commonly used for daily life, particularly in matters concerning marriage and career, and makes extensive use of,. Indian politics have also been influenced by astrology. It is still considered a branch of the. In 2001, Indian scientists and politicians debated and critiqued a proposal to use state money to fund research into astrology, resulting in permission for to offer courses in Vedic astrology.On February 2011, the reaffirmed astrology's standing in India when it dismissed a case that challenged its status as a science.In, strong belief in astrology has led to dramatic changes in the fertility rate and the number of abortions in the years of Fire Horse. Adherents believe that women born in years are unmarriageable and bring bad luck to their father or husband.
In 1966, the number of babies born in Japan dropped by over 25% as parents tried to avoid the stigma of having a daughter born in the hinoeuma year. Literature and music.
Title page of 's Astrologo Fingido, Madrid, 1641In the sixteenth century, John Lyly's 1597 play, The Woman in the Moon, is wholly motivated by astrology, while makes astrological references in his plays and (both c. 1590), and refers to astrology at least four times in his (c. Uses astrology both decoratively and causally in his poetry, revealing '.unmistakably an abiding interest in the art, an interest shared by a large number of his contemporaries.' Play, (1608), similarly uses astrology as a causal mechanism in the drama. Attitude towards astrology is unclear, with contradictory references in plays including,. Shakespeare was familiar with astrology and made use of his knowledge of astrology in nearly every play he wrote, assuming a basic familiarity with the subject in his commercial audience.
Outside theatre, the physician and mystic practised astrology, as did the quack doctor Simon Forman. In Elizabethan England, 'The usual feeling about astrology. was that it is the most useful of the sciences.' In seventeenth century Spain, with a detailed knowledge of astronomy, wrote plays that ridicule astrology. In his pastoral romance La Arcadia (1598), it leads to absurdity; in his novela Guzman el Bravo (1624), he concludes that the stars were made for man, not man for the stars.
Wrote the 1641 comedy Astrologo Fingido (The Pretended Astrologer); the plot was borrowed by the French playwright for his 1651 comedy Feint Astrologue.The most famous piece of music influenced by astrology is the orchestral suite. Written by the British composer (1874–1934), and first performed in 1918, the framework of The Planets is based upon the astrological symbolism of the planets. Each of the seven movements of the suite is based upon a different planet, though the movements are not in the order of the planets from the Sun. The composer wrote an eighth movement entitled Pluto, the Renewer, first performed in 2000. In 1937, another British composer, wrote a ballet on astrological themes, called.
In 1974, the New Zealand composer wrote The Twelve Signs: An Astrological Entertainment for orchestra without strings. Acknowledges astrology as an influence on her work of literary criticism (1990).Astrology features strongly in 's, recipient of the.